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Surveillance

French Constitutional Council Rejects Data Copy During House Raids

Paris, 19 February 2016 — In a decision published today, the French Constitutional Council rejected a provision on digital searches in the law on the state of emergency. The Council decided that copying the data on a device without a previous court decision is against the French Constitution and French Law. La Quadrature du Net welcomes this decision and calls on the French government to return the judiciary judge to the center of the process.

Administrative Access to Metadata: French Council of State Flees EU Debate

Paris, 15 February 2016 — The French Council of State has released an eagerly awaited decision (fr) on the validity of administrative access to connection data. La Quadrature du Net, French Data Network and the FDN Federation have been calling into question the Military Programmation Law (LPM) and its application decree that enables the administration to access connection data without requiring any judicial control. By refusing to repeal the decree and to transmit the question to the European Court of Justice (ECJ) for a preliminary ruling, the Council of State avoids any judicial debate and isolates French vis-à-vis EU case law.

Open Letter to Věra Jourová: From Safe Harbor to Privacy Shield, Words in the Wind

Paris, 10 February 2016 — On 6 October 2015, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) invalidated the Safe Harbor, the agreement concluded in 2000 with the USA in order to give a legal framework to data transfers between the European Union and the USA. The WP29, a working group bringing together all Member States' national data protection authorities, waited until the end of January for the European Commission to draft a new agreement taking into account the requirements of the ECJ. This agreement called "Privacy Shield" was announced on 2 February but only contains vague promises.

Data Retention: Will the French Council of State Defy the ECJ?

Paris, 10 February 2016 — As the French Council of State is set to render a first decision on this burning issue this Friday1, Privacy International (PI) and the Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT) have submitted a third party intervention aiming to support the legal challenges brought by FDN, the FDN Federation and La Quadrature du Net. The goal: repealing the provisions enforcing the generalised retention of metadata in France and allowing the European Court of Justice (ECJ) to play its role of guardian of fundamental rights.

Newsletter #68

Salut à toutes et à tous !

Voici la newsletter 68 de La Quadrature du Net !

Sommaire

L'activité de La Quadrature du Net

État d'urgence

Le 5 février 2016, l'Assemblée nationale va examiner la loi sur la constitutionnalisation de l'état d'urgence. D'ores et déjà, Manuel Valls a annoncé qu'il voulait une prolongation « Jusqu'à ce qu'on puisse se débarrasser de Daech », autant dire pour des mois ou des années. La Quadrature du Net appellait avec de multiples organisations à refuser cette banalisation de l'état d'exception et à se mobiliser massivement contre la violation de nos libertés et de l'état de droit, notamment en manifestant le 30 janvier et en interpellant les députés.

La manifestation a eu lieu dans plus de 70 villes en France malgré une pluie battante. Vous pouvez trouver des photos de l’événement sur notre page wiki.

Plus de lecture ?

La Quadrature du Net a publié une analyse approfondie du régime juridique de l’état d’urgence et des enjeux de sa constitutionnalisation dans le projet de loi dit « de protection de la nation » réalisée conjointement avec Syndicat de la magistrature (SM), Syndicat des avocats de France (SAF), Observatoire international des prisons (OIP), Groupe d’information et de soutien des immigré.e.s (GISTI), Jeanne Sulzer et Charlotte Bernard - membres d’Amnesty International France, Serge Slama - Maître de conférences en droit public, Jean-Philippe Foegle - Doctorant à l'Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, Aurélien Camus - Docteur et Chargé d'enseignements, Kenza Belghiti Alaoui, Olivier Berlin Clarós, Laetitia Braconnier Moreno, Anaïs Gollanes, Nina Korchi, Anaïs Lambert, Etienne Lemichel et Matthieu Quinquis, étudiant.e.s du Master II Droits de l'Homme de l'Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense.

Philippe Aigrain, cofondateur de La Quadrature du Net, a publié le 27 décembre dernier un texte personnel sur l'état d'urgence et la révision constitutionnelle proposée par le gouvernement. Nous l'avons republié sur le site de La Quadrature du Net, pour prendre conscience, derrière les débats enflammés et souvent indécents sur la déchéance de nationalité, de la réalité et des risques de l'inscription dans la Constitution française de l'état d'urgence.

Après l’appel « Nous ne céderons pas ! », une centaine d’organisation ont rendu public le texte « Sortir de l’état d’urgence » au cours d’une conférence de presse, le 17 décembre 2015 en réaction à l’horreur des attentats, l’état d’urgence a été décrété par le gouvernement, puis aggravé et prolongé pour une durée de trois mois.

République Numérique et droit d'auteur

Le projet de loi « République Numérique » a été adopté par l'Assemblée Nationale et est maintenant examiné par le Sénat. Les dates de séances publiques ne sont pas encore communiquées.

Ce projet de loi a fait l'objet d'un pilonnage particulièrement intensif de la part des ayant-droits et des opposants des Communs, La Quadrature du Net s'est procuré un argumentaire généreusement distribué aux députés français juste avant l'examen du projet de loi.

La Quadrature du Net a proposé les amendements suivants au Projet de loi pour une République numérique, n° 3318, en commun avec les associations et personnalités listés ci-après.

Pendant ce temps, La Commission européenne a proposé son cadre de réforme du droit d'auteur dans l'Union européenne. Ce cadre comprend en premier lieu une proposition de règlement sur la portabilité des services en ligne et en second lieu une communication annonçant les réformes à venir, à l'horizon 2016. La Commission européenne confirme ainsi sa volonté de ne pas rouvrir le dossier de la directive InfoSoc1, montrant sa frilosité et son manque d'ambition sur ce dossier.

Aussi

La Quadrature du Net s'est associée a des organisations et personnalités du monde entier en signant cette lettre ouverte aux gouvernements, pour les encourager et les inciter à promouvoir les techniques de chiffrement des communications et des systèmes informatiques. Le texte original et la liste des signataires peuvent être consultés sur le site SecureTheInternet.org.

Surveillance: would French socialist MEPs have anything to hide?

Paris, 29 October 2015 — French socialists have, once again, betrayed liberties to strenghen surveillance! Claude Moraes' report has been adopted today by the European Parliament. This report was condemning mass surveillance and calling for an investigation of French surveillance laws. But thanks to the pressure exerted by French Socialist MEPs on their party, any mention of investigation into French laws has been erased.

Surveillance law: France carefully listening to the world! (at last...)

Paris, 28 October 2015 — French Senate has approved last night the bill on international surveillance (fr), legalising mass surveillance beyond French borders, incidentally affecting numerous French people. La Quadrature Du Net salutes French consistency in terms of serious violations of Human Rights.

Safe harbor: abusive data collection and mass surveillance repealed by the European Court of Justice!

Paris, 6 October 2015 — By a decision published this morning, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), the highest European jurisdiction, repealed the Safe Harbor agreement. This agreement in effect since 2000, allows data transfers between Europe and the United States under different versions, authorised the processing of European citizens' data by US companies, with fewer guarantees than those existing in Europe. Max Schrems, an Austrian citizen, has put Facebook on trial since the monitoring by the NSA of his data hosted by Facebook had an impact on his freedom and privacy. The CJEU today confirmed his viewpoint by invalidating the Safe Harbor and held that the European Commission abused its power by approving it. The CJEU also affirmed that a local data protection authority may dissent a European agreement if guarantees granted to citizens were modified.

Surveillance: Legislative parody from French MP, Patrica Adam at the Defence Commisson

Paris, 30 September 2015 — The Commission of Defence of the French Lower Chamber has massively rejected all amendments presented by Laure de La Raudière, Lionel Tardy and Sergio Coronado (in the group EELV) and will only keep amendments on procedure (fr). Patricia Adam, President of the Commission of Defence, and Rapporteur of the bill, is not even trying to hide her interest to silence any eventual discussion on the regulation of international surveillance and the huge violation of Human Rights introduced by it.

French Intelligence: the mad race to international mass surveillance

Paris, 30th September 2015 — The review of the bill related to international electronic communications surveillance measures will insidiously start on the 1st October 2015. It can already expect a bright future, made of flash reviews and hurried debates. After the censorship by the French Constitutional Council, which cut off its general approach on international intelligence, this text claims to fill the void and provide "key progress": the regulation of foreign intelligence activities.

Joint communiqué from the Observatoire des Libertés et du Numérique (Freedoms and Digital Observatory)1

Civil rights groups condemn draft mass surveillance bill to be adopted in France

Open letter sent by civil rights groups worldwide against the Surveillance Bill to be adopted in France.

Safe Harbor Suspension by EU Court of Justice Is an Essential First Step

Paris, 24 September 2015 — The Advocate General of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) published on 23rd September his conclusions in the case "Maximilian Schrems against Data Protection Commissioner". The Advocate General, Yves Bot, recommends an invalidation of the Safe Harbor agreement which regulates the transfer of personal data of European citizens by online services like Facebook, to the United States. The Advocate General considers that the surveillance carried out by US intelligence services hinders fundamental rights of European citizens. La Quadrature du Net welcomes these clear and protective conclusions, and hopes that the EU Court of Justice will have the courage to follow him in challenging Safe Harbor as demanded by civil society since the first Snowden revelations. Additionally, putting Safe Harbour aside, his analysis of the NSA's practices should also apply to mass surveillance by European governments, such as France.

French-American Lawyer to Refer to French Surveillance Watchdog against International Surveillance

Paris, 16 September 2015 — After yesterday's announcement by the French government that the bill on International Surveillance will be discussed on a fast track procedure, the bill was adopted this morning at the Defence Committee by the French Lower Chamber in only twenty minutes and without almost any debate. A French and American lawyer has just legally challenged the National Commission of Control of Security Interceptions (CNCIS, French Surveillance Watchdog) regarding the secret implementing decree of 2008. Could it be that the French government is worried about opening up its surveillance practices?

Data Protection: Unambiguous is Ambiguous

Paris, 16th September 2015 — The main pending issues for the European Data Protection Regulation will be discussed on 16th and 17th September during the coming trialogue meeting. The latest proposals from the Council visibly aim at limiting the guarantees provided to the users in favor of private lobbies.

International Surveillance: A New French Bill to Collect Data Worldwide!

Paris, 15th September 2015 — After the French Constitutional Council censored measures on international surveillance in the Surveillance Law voted last June, the government fires back with a bill that will be discussed at the end of September in the National Assembly. La Quadrature du Net strongly rejects the unacceptable clauses which would launch an “intelligence war” against our European and international partners.

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