Privacy - Personal Data
The protection of privacy is a fundamental right guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In a democratic society, privacy is an enabler for other fundamental rights, such as the freedom of expression and to form and join associations. However, some powerful entities now have an interest in weakening the protection of this fundamental right to increase the surveillance of citizens and draw a profit by collecting, processing, storing and trading it. These dangerous practices are already widespread on the Internet.
The legal framework that protects privacy needs to be strengthend and adapted to the digital era. There are currently three major legislative developments.
- The French law Loi de programmation militaire (LPM) which allows highly intrusive surveillance of citizens by the authorities without proper judicial oversight.
- The European Parliament's Data Protection Regulation, adopted in first reading in March 2014, will now be considered on 5/6 June by the Council of the European Union.
- The decision by the European Court of Justice of the European Union in April 2014 declaring the 2006 Data Retention Directive invalid, will force the European Institutions to draft new regulations and national governments to reconsider their laws that had implemented the Directive.
- Open Letter to Věra Jourová: From Safe Harbor to Privacy Shield, Words in the Wind10/02/16
- Data Retention: Will the French Council of State Defy the ECJ?10/02/16
- Open letter to the world’s governments: protect encryption!04/01/16
- Surveillance: would French socialist MEPs have anything to hide?29/10/15
- Surveillance law: France carefully listening to the world! (at last...)28/10/15
- Safe harbor: abusive data collection and mass surveillance repealed by the European Court of Justice!06/10/15
- Surveillance: Legislative parody from French MP, Patrica Adam at the Defence Commisson30/09/15
- [TheIntercept] NSA Chief Stakes Out Pro-Encryption Position, in Contrast to FBI26/01/16
- [TheGuardian] 'Snooper's charter' will cost British lives, MPs are warned11/01/16
- [TheGuardian] Former Guantánamo detainee speaks to hacker conference by video link04/01/16
- [TheGuardian] Facebook says governments demanding more and more user data14/11/15
- [EUObserver] France wants all travelling EU nationals fingerprinted23/10/15
- [TheGuardian] Max Schrems Facebook privacy complaint to be investigated in Ireland20/10/15
- [ArsTechnica] GCHQ allowed to spy on MPs and peers, secret court rules19/10/15
- Early February (or March) 2016 - Final vote in Parliament
- During 2018 - The new Regulation will come into force
- 17 December 2015 - Vote by the LIBE Committee
- 15 December 2015 - Last trialogue
- 14 July 2015 - Second trialogue on the General Data Protection Regulation
- 24 June 2015 - First trialogue (ie. secret negociations behind closed doors)
- 6 June 2014 - Legislative deliberation of the Council of the European Union on the Chapter V of the Regulation on Data Protection
- 8 April 2014 - Court of Justice of the European Union publishes a ruling that the Data Retention Directive is invalid.
- 12 March 2014 - The European Parliament calls for the suspension of “Safe Harbor”
- 12 March 2014 - Vote on the General Data Protection Regulation
- 11 February 2014 - The Day We Fight Back against surveillance and in support of privacy
- 19 December 2013 - Final Adoption of Generalised Surveillance in France
- 21 October 2013 - The “Civil Liberties” (LIBE) committee votes on its report (LQDN's reaction)
- 19 March 2013 - The “Legal Affairs” (JURI) committee votes on its opinion (LQDN's reaction)
- 21 February 2013 - The “Employment” (EMPL) committee votes on its opinion (LQDN's reaction)
- 20 February 2013 - The “Industry” (ITRE) committee votes on its opinion (LQDN's reaction)
- 23 January 2013 - The “Consumer Protection” (IMCO) committee votes on its opinion (LQDN's reaction)
- 25 January 2012 - European Commissioner for Justice Viviane Reding presented a draft for a new EU data protection regulation
Reclaim Our Privacy
- Reclaim Your Data
- NSA Observer: Things the NSA doesn't want you to know
- Email Self-Defense
- Naked Citizens
- LobbyPlag: which MEPs are pushing for more or less data privacy?
- Necessary and proportionate: International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance
- Prism Break: stop governments from spying on you by encrypting your communications and ending your reliance on proprietary services
- EDRI's campaign portal Protect your data!
- List of Lobbies against strong data protection
- EDRI's analysis of data protection regulation
- EDRI's in-depth website ProtectMyData
- The Data Protection Archive: all documents and material produced by EDRi on the Data Protection Regulation and Directive
- Key messages from Bits of Freedom
- EDRI's position paper
- EFF's Who Has Your Back? report
- Key issues of the proposed regulation by EDRI
- EDRI's Booklet "An introduction to Data Protection"
- Position paper signed by more than 90 leading senior academics from across Europe
- Data Protection: All You Need to Know about the EU Privacy Debate
European Institutions documents
- Judgement by Court of Justice of the European Union on the 2006 Data Retention Directive.
- Procedure file: Personal data protection: processing and free movement of data (General Data Protection Regulation)
- Procedure file: Personal data protection: processing of data for the purposes of prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or execution of criminal penalties, and free movement of data
- The “Data Protection” Directive (95/46/EC)
Committees and Rapporteurs
- The “Civil Liberties” (LIBE) Committee of the European Parliament is the main committee working on the Data Protection Regulation. The rapporteur is Jan Philipp Albrecht (Germany - Greens/EFA) - report
- These committees will first vote on their opinions after holding “exchange of views” on draft reports in the coming weeks:
- “Employment” (EMPL) (Nadja Hirsch - Germany - ALDE),
- “Consumer Protection” (IMCO) (Lara Comi - Italy - EPP),
- “Industry” (ITRE) (Seán Kelly - Ireland - EPP),
- “Legal Affairs” (JURI) (Marielle Gallo - France - EPP)
For the shadow rapporteurs and a more detailled timeline, see protectmydata.eu