Privacy - Personal Data

The protection of privacy is a fundamental right guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In a democratic society, privacy is an enabler for other fundamental rights, such as the freedom of expression and to form and join associations. However, some powerful entities now have an interest in weakening the protection of this fundamental right to increase the surveillance of citizens and draw a profit by collecting, processing, storing and trading it. These dangerous practices are already widespread on the Internet.

The legal framework that protects privacy needs to be strengthend and adapted to the digital era. There are currently three major legislative developments.

  • The French law Loi de programmation militaire (LPM) which allows highly intrusive surveillance of citizens by the authorities without proper judicial oversight.
  • The European Parliament's Data Protection Regulation, adopted in first reading in March 2014, will now be considered on 5/6 June by the Council of the European Union.
  • The decision by the European Court of Justice of the European Union in April 2014 declaring the 2006 Data Retention Directive invalid, will force the European Institutions to draft new regulations and national governments to reconsider their laws that had implemented the Directive.


To come

  • Early February (or March) 2016 - Final vote in Parliament
  • During 2018 - The new Regulation will come into force


Reclaim Our Privacy

Reference documents

Campaign websites


European Institutions documents

  • Judgement by Court of Justice of the European Union on the 2006 Data Retention Directive.
  • Procedure file: Personal data protection: processing and free movement of data (General Data Protection Regulation)
  • Procedure file: Personal data protection: processing of data for the purposes of prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or execution of criminal penalties, and free movement of data
  • The “Data Protection” Directive (95/46/EC)

Committees and Rapporteurs

Do you care about your privacy on the web?