Revue de presse
The press review catalogues press articles related to la Quadrature's issues, compiled by its volunteers.
See also our French press review.
Perché la nuova legge francese sull’intelligence spaventa la società civile. E come intende monitorare la Rete. […]
La questione è quella del disegno di legge sull’intelligence (loi sur le renseignement), che sarà votato dall’Assemblea nazionale il 5 maggio, e che - secondo i suoi numerosi critici - instaura l’era della sorveglianza di massa sotto la tour Eiffel. E infatti non mancano i paragoni con il Patriot Act, la legge americana varata dopo l’11 settembre che ha ristretto le libertà civili negli Stati Uniti aprendo la strada ai vasti programmi di monitoraggio delle comunicazioni della National Security Agency, emersi con il Datagate e le rivelazioni di Edward Snowden. […]
Come saranno individuati questi comportamenti sospetti? Qui entrano in gioco le “scatole nere” (”boîtes noires”), che stanno facendo impazzire anche gli stessi esperti di tecnologia perché nessuno ha ben chiaro cosa dovrebbero fare. Anche la genesi dell’espressione non è limpida: attribuita a una improvvida uscita di qualche consulente del governo, è stata subito adottata polemicamente dagli attivisti pro-privacy e dagli oppositori della legge, un fronte ampio che va dalle aziende IT ad avvocati e magistrati passando per Amnesty International. […]
«Non sappiamo esattamente come funzioneranno le scatole nere. È informazione classificata», commenta a La Stampa Tristan Nitot, fondatore di Mozilla Europe, ora nell’azienda di cloud computing CozyCloud e membro del Consiglio nazionale del digitale (Conseil national du numérique- CNNum). Ma si possono guardare i metadati senza guardare al contenuto? «Bella domanda. Quando il governo e i parlamentari parlano della legge dicono che raccoglie solo i metadati. Ma non dicono di quale tipo. Dicono che si tratterà di una raccolta più in superficie, che riguarda solo alcuni pattern nei dati di connessione, per cui sarebbero catturati solo alcuni indirizzi IP. Ma l’impressione, sentendo le loro stesse parole, è che vogliano fare una vera Deep packet inspection, che guarda a mittente e destinatario delle mail, oggetto delle stesse, parole chiave, pagine web visitate dagli utenti ecc». […]
Spies failed to check properly what was being passed across to the US. […]
Germany's intelligence service, the Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND), has been helping the NSA spy on European politicians and companies for years, according to the German news magazine Der Spiegel. The NSA has been sending lists of "selectors"—identifying telephone numbers, e-mail and IP addresses—to the BND, which then provides related information that it holds in its surveillance databases. According to the German newspaper Die Zeit, the NSA sent selector lists several times a day, and altogether 800,000 selectors have been requested. […]
The information about this activity has finally come out thanks to a long-running committee of inquiry, set up by the German Bundestag (federal parliament), which has been trying to get to the bottom of the NSA activities in Germany, and of the BND's involvement in them. The committee's investigation suggests that as many as 40,000 of the selectors were targeting European and German interests—far more than the 2,000 found by the BND. […]
Despite the heated debates around the implications of the French Intelligence Bill on civil liberties, a tentative agreement between right and left may guarantee its adoption. EurActiv France reports. […]
Civil society organisations spoke out against this unlikely alliance, which "robs the nation of its parliamentary system". Several dozen demonstrators denounced the "mass surveillance" proposed by the bill outside the National Assembly on Monday 13 April, before the debates began. If successful, the text would hugely increase the powers of the French intelligence services.
The major data hosts, including Ghandi and OVH, Europe's biggest host, have also criticised the bill for adding prohibitive layers of extra cost that could force them to relocate. […]
Leaked copies of the upcoming Digital Single Market Strategy and its supporting Evidence file show the European Commission is ready to propose vast regulatory reforms that could affect everything from sales taxes and e-privacy to Internet searches and big data. […]
It’s no secret that a wide-scale review of copyright laws is in the works. An internal document drafted in February by the digital economy department reveals that a deal is being sought by the creative industries. The industries would loosen geo-blocking, meaning they would allow more consumers in other countries to buy products or access apps and websites. In exchange, the Commission would more aggressively enforce copyright. […]
Raising some eyebrows is the grouping in the strategy of examples of child abuse imagery and terrorism with copyright-offending material – a new development, and a signal that copyright infringement is about to be taken more seriously. […]
In a dig aimed at the Council, the Commission’s document pointedly identifies their failure to finalize a substantial Telecom Single Market package, known as “Connected Continent”. The inter-service version of the new plan, now circulating, confirms that the Commission is giving up on much of the Connected Continent and, for now, settling for a deal restricted to roaming and net neutrality. […]
[Opinion pages of the NYT] Prime Minister Manuel Valls of France has presented yet another antiterrorism bill to Parliament. French lawmakers, who overwhelmingly approved a sweeping antiterrorism bill in September, are scheduled to debate the new bill this month. [...]
Rights groups have warned that the bill, which includes the risk of “collective violence” and “the defense of foreign policy interests” among potential reasons for government surveillance, is too vague in defining who is a legitimate target. The bill also concentrates extraordinary power in the office of the prime minister by giving it, rather than judges, control over the approval process for surveillance requests from intelligence agencies. [...]
Prime Minister Manuel Valls of France has presented yet another antiterrorism bill to Parliament. French lawmakers, who overwhelmingly approved a sweeping antiterrorism bill in September, are scheduled to debate the new bill this month. Mr. Valls argues that the bill’s sweeping new provisions for government surveillance are necessary to monitor potential terrorist-related activity, especially on the Internet and cellphones. […]
Rights groups have warned that the bill, which includes the risk of “collective violence” and “the defense of foreign policy interests” among potential reasons for government surveillance, is too vague in defining who is a legitimate target. The bill also concentrates extraordinary power in the office of the prime minister by giving it, rather than judges, control over the approval process for surveillance requests from intelligence agencies. Parliament must restore judicial oversight to these decisions that touch the core rights and freedoms of French citizens. […]
The French are understandably jittery after the Paris and Tunis attacks, and they are alarmed by the radicalization of some in France who have fallen prey to jihadist recruitment on the Internet. There is no doubt that the French government has a duty to protect the nation from terrorist violence and jihadist recruitment. But Parliament has a duty to protect citizens’ democratic rights from unduly expansive and intrusive government surveillance. French lawmakers should not approve the bill unless judges are given a proper role in authorizing government surveillance, vague definitions of what constitutes a terrorist threat are struck from the bill and freedom of the press is protected.
The European Commission will not introduce a new law requiring telecom companies to store the communications data of European Union citizens for security purposes, the EU home affairs commissioner said on Thursday. […]
In April last year the European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled that an EU data retention directive requiring telecoms companies to store communications data for up to two years interfered with people's right to privacy by creating the impression that their private lives are the subject of constant surveillance. […]
An internal Commission document circulated in January showed Avramopoulos was considering launching consultations to determine whether a new law on data retention that respects privacy rights could be prepared over the coming year. […]
EFF writes a very angry letter asking United Nations to write a very angry letter to the US. […]
Currently, says the EFF, the UN does not have adequate measures in place to ensure people have a decent amount of privacy from the powers that be – and judging by Edward Snowden's revelations of NSA spying, there's no such thing as privacy if Uncle Sam has an interest in you. […]
European regulators have dropped plans to ban roaming charges and have proposed net neutrality rules allowing privileged access in some cases. […]
According to documents seen by the BBC, far from ending data roaming charges as was promised, the Council of the European Union has recommended that operators be allowed to add surcharges to their domestic rates. […]
The proposals also covered net neutrality rules. They sought to ensure that internet users could get online however they wanted and view any legal content they wanted, free from discrimination by their service providers. […]
[Thewhir] Legal Changes Give French Police Power to Take Down Porn, Terrorism Sites without Court Order
French police can order Internet service providers to take down websites without a court order on child pornography or terrorism accusations as of Tuesday. The legal changes follow a statement late last week by President Francois Hollande that companies hosting extremist messages are “accomplices.” […]
DNS blocking can be easily circumvented, however, says Felix Tréguer of French internet advocacy group La Quadrature du Net. The group is also concerned about legal content being blocked.
The Electronic Frontier Foundation shares concerns about the new system. “In light of the recent arrests that have followed the Charlie Hebdo attacks — many of which are clearly overboard — I would say that France’s government needs to seriously think about whether this law will stop terrorists, or merely chill speech,” Jillian York of the EFF told The Verge in an email. […]