The press review catalogues press articles related to la Quadrature's issues, compiled by its volunteers.
See also our French press review.
(PE) ha aprobado hoy un informe que rechaza la posibilidad de que los gobiernos europeos puedan denegar el acceso a internet como un medio para imponer sanciones a los consumidores.
El texto, aprobado con 481 votos, 25 en contra y 21 abstenciones, señala que los gobiernos o las empresas privadas no deben recurrir a cortar ese acceso como forma de penalización, algo que, indica el PE, ya se ha propuesto en algunos países de la Unión.
El pleno consideró que el "analfabetismo electrónico" será el "nuevo analfabetismo del siglo XXI", por lo que si se garantiza el acceso a internet a todos los ciudadanos se asegura su "acceso a la escolarización". [...]
El texto también considera que la "identidad digital" se está convirtiendo en parte integrante de nuestro "yo", por lo que merece una protección adecuada y eficaz contra las intrusiones de agentes privados o públicos.
Si tratta dei cosiddetti emendamenti AT&T: striscia nel testo degli emendamenti la legittimazione a mettere in campo sistemi di gestione del traffico. Sistemi di gestione che potrebbero tradursi in una Internet a due velocità, nella discriminazione di certi protocolli rispetto ad altri. Un emendamento che attenta alla neutralità della rete, che potrebbe agevolare la creazione di alleanze strategiche volte alla prioritizzazione dei contenuti e che potrebbe ripercuotersi sul regime competitivo, sulla libertà dei cittadini delle rete di manifestare la propria creatività, il proprio pensiero. E che potrebbe scoraggiare gli investimenti nell'infrastruttura da parte degli operatori, in grado così di contenere il traffico adattandolo alle risorse che hanno a disposizione.
I netizen europei si stanno mobilitando, l'Italia non è da meno: consumatori e accademici, cittadini della rete. Auspicano che le lettere con cui tenteranno di sensibilizzare gli europarlamentari non rimangano inascoltate
Roma - Presso l'Assemblea Nazionale francese sono ore di dibattito: si sta discutendo del futuro della gestione dei diritti di proprietà intellettuale online, si sta tracciando un solco nel quale gli attori del mercato dovranno muovere per difendere la propria attività. La dottrina Sarkozy attende di essere avallata dalle istituzioni.
La loi Création et Internet è ora all'esame dell'Assemblée Nationale. L'obiettivo, ha spiegato del ministro della Cultura Christine Albanel, è quello di dissuadere i cittadini della rete dall'abusare della connettività: "se il downloading illegale si riducesse del 60 o del 70 per cento sarebbe una grande vittoria". Le armi che la legge potrebbe consegnare nelle mani dell'industria dei contenuti per tutelare mercato e legalità, armi che l'industria dei contenti ambisce ad imbracciare in mezzo mondo, sono missive e ghigliottine sulla connessione.
I cittadini della rete, nel contempo, organizzano la mobilitazione e tentano di insinuare nel Palazzo il concetto di licenza globale per accedere alle opere, che garantirebbe la possibilità di attingere a flussi di contenuti senza per questo privare i detentori dei diritti dell'equo compenso che spetta loro. Basterebbero tra i due e i sette euro al mese, spiega Philippe Aigrain, cofondatore dell'associazione a tutela dei diritti dei netizen La Quadrature du Net: qualora aderissero 18 milioni di utenti si potrebbe ricompensare abbondantemente tutta la filiera dell'audiovisivo.
Mehrere Änderungsanträge vor allem britischer Abgeordneter wollen Zugangsanbietern zudem Maßnahmen zum "Verkehrsmanagement" erlauben. Damit stünde der Weg für den Einbau von Filtern oder die Blockade einzelner bandbreitenhungriger Applikationen offen, was der bisherigen Forderung des Parlaments zur Aufrechterhaltung der Netzneutralität entgegenträte. Derlei Vorschläge hätten nach Ansicht der französischen Bürgerrechtsorganisation La Quadrature du Net zur Folge, dass den etablierten Industrien und Rechteinhabern zusätzliche Befugnisse zur Kontrolle des Internets gegeben würden. Es werde auf Drängen etwa von AT&T hin Prinzipien zur "Netzdiskriminierung" das Wort geredet, die gefährliche Auswirkungen auf die Innovation und die Grundrechte der Bürger haben könnten. Zudem sei bei der Reform der Datenschutzrichtlinie für den elektronischen Sektor zu fürchten, dass Diensteanbieter weitgehende Rechte zur Speicherung von Nutzerdaten auf Vorrat ausgehändigt werden.
Die Vereinigung hat daher eine umfangreiche Empfehlungsliste für die nächste Woche anstehenden Abstimmungen im Industrie- und Binnenmarktausschuss des Parlaments veröffentlicht. Zudem werden besorgte Bürger aufgerufen, sich direkt an ihre Abgeordneten zu wenden.
BERLIN — As European lawmakers debate how to keep access to the Internet free and equal — so-called network neutrality — they are inundated, not unsurprisingly, by lobbyists.
“The U.S. companies see the outcome of the fight in Europe as key,” said Jeremie Zimmermann, a lobbyist for La Quadrature du Net, an Internet advocacy group based in Paris. “Each side is hoping to score points on the issue here so they can take it back to the States to influence the outcome there.”
Net neutrality, which La Quadrature supports, is a proposal backed by some free-speech advocates and Internet businesses that would bar network operators from filtering Internet traffic. Internet service providers, however, say that basic traffic management is necessary to balance the soaring demand for bandwidth from video and popular sites.
BERLIN: As European lawmakers debate how to keep access to the Internet free and equal - so-called network neutrality - they are being bombarded, not unsurprisingly, by lobbyists.
But the corporate envoys roaming the halls of Brussels, trying to make their case, more often than not do not represent the Continent's myriad telecommunications and Internet companies, but rather those from the United States.
The U.S. companies see the outcome of the fight in Europe as key," said Jeremie Zimmermann,a lobbyist for La Quadrature du Net,an Internet advocacy group based in Paris. "Each side is hoping to score points on the issue here so they can take it back to the States to influence the outcome there."
Net neutrality, which La Quadrature supports, is a proposal backed by some free-speech advocates and Internet businesses that seeks to bar network operators from filtering Internet traffic. Operators say that basic traffic management is necessary to balance the soaring demand for bandwidth from video and popular Web sites.
AT&T, Verizon, the equipment maker Cisco and the European companies Liberty Global, Vodafone, Ericsson, VirginMedia and 3, an operator owned by Hutchison Whampoa, distributed a joint letter in February asking lawmakers to eliminate any neutrality mandate from the legislation.
"Proposals to mandate quality of service levels or require nondiscriminatory treatment of network traffic would not only adversely impact the quality of service received by consumers today, but it would also reduce future innovation and consumer choice," the letter said.
Not true, according to a response letter circulated among lawmakers by Yahoo; eBay; Skype, which is eBay's Internet phone unit; Google; and YouTube, which is owned by Google. The Internet companies offered lawmakers amendments that would give EU regulators the power to investigate and penalize operators for anticompetitive network management.
[EurActiv.com] Protection des droits d'auteur des contenus en ligne | EU - European Information on Société de l'information
Online content includes music, film, radio, television, newspapers, games, and educational and user-generated content, such as blogs. The European Commission estimates that by 2010 revenue from these services will soar to over €8 billion in the EU, from less than €2 billion in 2005.
Such exponential revenue growth is in large part due to the increased number of affordable cultural products available on websites such as iTunes (for music), Netflix (for movies) and Amazon (for books). But the largest amount of downloaded material still comes from peer-to-peer websites, on which users share content, sometimes of illegal provenance.
Where does the emerging 'right' of free access to knowledge end? Where does established but endangered copyright of authors and labels begin? These are the main issues of contention between the so-called cultural industries and users, and Europe is still trying to strike the right balance.
In February, the European Commission decided to shelve all its plans to tackle online privacy. As the end of the insitutions' current mandate approaches, Brussels wanted to keep away from a topic which had become "too controversial", according to an official close to the dossier.
The French 'graduated' approach
Under the French proposals, a new authority would be set up to apply sanctions on serial offenders. Internet service providers, which are often big telecoms companies, would implement filtering measures and apply sanctions on behalf of the new authority. The industry deal is currently in the process of being transformed into French law.
Other European countries are less keen on introducing such measures, but many are considering warning messages, which would be a sort of one-step approach and would not be followed by the enforcement of sanctions against offenders.
Controlling the Internet is controversial, because it raises highly sensitive issues like censorship. It is also technically very complex and prone to mistakes. Indeed, ISPs could end up cutting the wrong connection or punishing an entire building for the alleged misdeeds of a single user. What's more, it is not easy to decide who should implement such sanctions.
Internet providers: Turning into policemen of the Web?
Internet service providers are lobbying hard to prevent such an unappealing task from falling on their shoulders. "We don't want to become policemen of the Net," they have underlined in many occasions. In this battle, they could rely on the support of consumer groups, which are strongly against filtering the Web and support peer-to-peer websites.
So far, their efforts appear to have been successful, since no EU-level initiative has been introduced to mirror the French model, despite a number of attempts to introduce similar measures via various legal instruments.
MEPs, mindful of authors' rights and favourable to the French cause, tried to introduce explicit anti-piracy amendments to a review of EU rules governing electronic communications, which has been under discussion between the Union's institutions since November 2007. But their attempts have so far failed (EurActiv 25/09/08).
La Quadrature du Net (Squaring the Net), a French internet civil liberties pressure group backed by the Open Society Institute and the Electronic Frontier Foundation, has successfully organised a 'Black-out' protest, in which web designers, bloggers and others on the internet darken their web pages in protest at the bill.
The group says it is difficult to put a precise figure on the number of blacked-out sites, but say the number of unique domains joining the protest has reached over 12,000 and the number of URLs (web addresses) is at over 500,000. "To be safe, we are just saying 'tens of thousands," Jeremie Zimmerman, a spokesperson with La Quadrature du Net, told EUobserver.
Musicians including Robbie Williams, Annie Lennox, Billy Bragg, Blur's David Rowntree and Radiohead's Ed O'Brien said last night that the public should not be prosecuted for downloading illegal music from the internet.
The Featured Artists Coalition, which consists of 140 of Britain's biggest rock and pop stars, said at its inaugural meeting that companies such as MySpace and YouTube should be required to remunerate the artists when they use their music for advertising.
Bragg told The Independent that most of the artists had voted against supporting any move towards criminally prosecuting ordinary members of the public for illegally downloaded music.
The musicians will express their views to Lord Carter, who suggested that individuals downloading music illegally should be brought to justice.
While Lennox was not able to attend the meeting, she sent a message of support, as did Peter Gabriel, while David Gray, Fran Healy from Travis, Pink Floyd's Nick Mason and Mick Jones from The Clash turned up in support.
Bragg was speaking as a key member of the coalition, which was set up to give a collective voice to artists who want to fight for their rights in the digital world. It is pushing for a fairer deal for musicians at a time when they can use the internet to forge direct links with their fans. "What I said at the meeting was that the record industry in Britain is still going down the road of criminalising our audience for downloading illegal MP3s," he said.
"If we follow the music industry down that road, we will be doing nothing more than being part of a protectionist effort. It's like trying to put toothpaste back in the tube.
"Artists should own their own rights and they should decide when their music should be used for free, or when they should have payment."
The artists wanted to tell Lord Carter "that we want to side with the audience, the consumer".
O'Brien said it was a "defining time for the industry", adding: "A lot of the rights and revenue streams are being carved up, and we need a voice... I think all the major players want to hear what we have to say."
In France, a dispute grows over the bill 'Creation and Internet', which aims to control the downloading of cultural works on the net. The bill is under consideration in the National Assembly, and provoking a protest from net users.
The main grievance: disproportionate penalties for offences committed, such as suspension of an internet connection. The user group 'Quadrature du Net' has called for a "blackout" on the net.
An action inspired by net users in New Zealand who recently managed to prevent their government from applying similar measures, following their complaints.
A parody site was also created. “I like internautes.com” makes reference to the site “I love the artists” that is supported by the government. It offers questions and answers and also videos, with a list of associations or members of parliament who reject the bill.
Another notable initiative on the net came from the consumer protection association UFC “Que Choisir”. The site " ça va couper " shows a crazy policeman who delivers a reprisal step by step, punishing net users who download.