Press review

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The press review catalogues press articles related to la Quadrature's issues, compiled by its volunteers.
See also our French press review.

[LeFigaro] Que faut-il savoir sur le projet de loi Renseignement?

Le texte, examiné par les députés à partir de lundi après-midi, veut moderniser les moyens des services de renseignement face au numérique. Le Figaro fait le point. [...]

Les associations de défense des libertés ont été les premières à s'indigner de la loi Renseignement, comme la Quadrature du Net, la Ligue des droits de l'Hommes, Amnesty International ou Reporter sans frontières.

Toutes dénoncent un projet liberticide qui ouvre la voie à une «surveillance de masse» des Français. «Il y a des risques de débordement vers des formes de police politique qui s'en prendront aux mouvements sociaux et politiques qui n'auraient pas l'heur de plaire», prévenait Laurence Blisson, secrétaire générale du Syndicat de la magistrature, lors d'une conférence de presse donnée au début du mois. Face à de tels risques, les pouvoirs de la CNCTR sont jugés insuffisants pour protéger efficacement les citoyens.

D'autres organisations ont critiqué le texte auprès du gouvernement, dont la CNIL ou le Conseil National du Numérique. Ce dernier s'inquiète d'une «extension du champ de la surveillance» permise par le texte. Les associations représentantes des acteurs du numérique, comme l'AFDEL, l'ARCEP ou Rennaissance numérique, dénoncent elles aussi le projet et le flou qui entoure la mise en place de certains outils, notamment les fameuses «boîtes noires».

Jeudi, un collectif d'hébergeurs français (dont les leaders OVH et Online) ont menacé de quitter la France si le texte était adopté. «Nos clients vont changer de prestataire si notre pays ne vaut pas mieux que la NSA américaine», expliquait alors Stéphane Ramoin, PDG de l'hébergeur Gandi. Outre les menaces sur les libertés, c'est aussi le coût du projet qui inquiète, ainsi que ses conséquences sur l'économie numérique française. [...]

http://www.lefigaro.fr/secteur/high-tech/2015/04/13/01007-20150413ARTFIG00171-que-faut-il-savoir-sur-le-projet-de-loi-renseignement.php

[NYTimes] The French Surveillance State

[Opinion pages of the NYT] Prime Minister Manuel Valls of France has presented yet another antiterrorism bill to Parliament. French lawmakers, who overwhelmingly approved a sweeping antiterrorism bill in September, are scheduled to debate the new bill this month. [...]

Rights groups have warned that the bill, which includes the risk of “collective violence” and “the defense of foreign policy interests” among potential reasons for government surveillance, is too vague in defining who is a legitimate target. The bill also concentrates extraordinary power in the office of the prime minister by giving it, rather than judges, control over the approval process for surveillance requests from intelligence agencies. [...]

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/01/opinion/the-french-surveillance-state....

[NyTimes] The French Surveillance State

Prime Minister Manuel Valls of France has presented yet another antiterrorism bill to Parliament. French lawmakers, who overwhelmingly approved a sweeping antiterrorism bill in September, are scheduled to debate the new bill this month. Mr. Valls argues that the bill’s sweeping new provisions for government surveillance are necessary to monitor potential terrorist-related activity, especially on the Internet and cellphones. […]

Rights groups have warned that the bill, which includes the risk of “collective violence” and “the defense of foreign policy interests” among potential reasons for government surveillance, is too vague in defining who is a legitimate target. The bill also concentrates extraordinary power in the office of the prime minister by giving it, rather than judges, control over the approval process for surveillance requests from intelligence agencies. Parliament must restore judicial oversight to these decisions that touch the core rights and freedoms of French citizens. […]

The French are understandably jittery after the Paris and Tunis attacks, and they are alarmed by the radicalization of some in France who have fallen prey to jihadist recruitment on the Internet. There is no doubt that the French government has a duty to protect the nation from terrorist violence and jihadist recruitment. But Parliament has a duty to protect citizens’ democratic rights from unduly expansive and intrusive government surveillance. French lawmakers should not approve the bill unless judges are given a proper role in authorizing government surveillance, vague definitions of what constitutes a terrorist threat are struck from the bill and freedom of the press is protected.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/01/opinion/the-french-surveillance-state....

[Reuters] EU executive plans no new data retention law

reuters

The European Commission will not introduce a new law requiring telecom companies to store the communications data of European Union citizens for security purposes, the EU home affairs commissioner said on Thursday. […]

In April last year the European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled that an EU data retention directive requiring telecoms companies to store communications data for up to two years interfered with people's right to privacy by creating the impression that their private lives are the subject of constant surveillance. […]

An internal Commission document circulated in January showed Avramopoulos was considering launching consultations to determine whether a new law on data retention that respects privacy rights could be prepared over the coming year. […]

http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/03/12/us-eu-data-telecommunications-...

[TheRegister] Snowden, NSA spying, hard drive malware ... what we need is a UN privacy watchdog!

EFF writes a very angry letter asking United Nations to write a very angry letter to the US. […]

Currently, says the EFF, the UN does not have adequate measures in place to ensure people have a decent amount of privacy from the powers that be – and judging by Edward Snowden's revelations of NSA spying, there's no such thing as privacy if Uncle Sam has an interest in you. […]

http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/03/04/eff_un_human_rights/

[BBC] EU data roaming and net neutrality plans attacked

European regulators have dropped plans to ban roaming charges and have proposed net neutrality rules allowing privileged access in some cases. […]

According to documents seen by the BBC, far from ending data roaming charges as was promised, the Council of the European Union has recommended that operators be allowed to add surcharges to their domestic rates. […]

The proposals also covered net neutrality rules. They sought to ensure that internet users could get online however they wanted and view any legal content they wanted, free from discrimination by their service providers. […]

http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-31748592

[Thewhir] Legal Changes Give French Police Power to Take Down Porn, Terrorism Sites without Court Order

French police can order Internet service providers to take down websites without a court order on child pornography or terrorism accusations as of Tuesday. The legal changes follow a statement late last week by President Francois Hollande that companies hosting extremist messages are “accomplices.” […]

DNS blocking can be easily circumvented, however, says Felix Tréguer of French internet advocacy group La Quadrature du Net. The group is also concerned about legal content being blocked.

The Electronic Frontier Foundation shares concerns about the new system. “In light of the recent arrests that have followed the Charlie Hebdo attacks — many of which are clearly overboard — I would say that France’s government needs to seriously think about whether this law will stop terrorists, or merely chill speech,” Jillian York of the EFF told The Verge in an email. […]

http://www.thewhir.com/web-hosting-news/legal-changes-give-french-police...

[TheGuardian] Net Neutrality Is Only The Beginning Of An Open Internet

US regulators are voting on whether to enshrine the openness of the internet, and the outcome is likely to influence policy worldwide.

Net neutrality is the principle of making sure that your internet service provider doesn’t make it easier for you to access one service over another – the Guardian over the Telegraph, say – or otherwise distorting your use of internet services just because someone dropped a few extra quid in their pocket. […]

We citizens, often derogated as “users” or “consumers”, have much to win in a global communication space. That is much more than simply a “neutral network”. Instead, it is a truly open, distributed network where everyone’s fundamental rights are respected. Not having our access providers acting as interested gatekeepers may be a step in the right direction, but it is by no means an end. Many other distortive factors remain and we will not have an open space until we get rid of them all.

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/feb/26/net-neutrality-is-only...

[TheStack] Belarus bans Tor and all anonymising internet technologies

In the wake of Russia's announcement that it intends to ban Tor, VPNs and all other technologies that permit users to hide their identities on the internet, the neighbouring Republic of Belarus has announced [Russian language] that it will enable legislation to bring these restrictions into effect. […]

When the law is enacted, Tor will lose a Belarusian user-base of between 6-8000 users. Though the Russian-announced ban has been criticised by many as unworkable, it seems likely that Belarus, which is landlocked between Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Latvia and Lithuania, will adopt at least some of the same techniques that China has employed in recent years to limit or ban anonymised traffic. A 2012 report [PDF] by Philipp Winter and Stefan Lindskog of Karlstad University detailed the Chinese method, which employed the establishment of a popular Tor exit node, and the use of known de-obfuscation techniques to unmask and subsequently block the IP addresses of identified nodes, effectively isolating the network. Since Tor specifically relies on non-local routing, the effect of such en masse node-blocking has proved to be very effective at a national level. […]

http://thestack.com/belarus-bans-tor-250215

[Wired] Laura Poitras on the Crypto Tools That Made Her Snowden Film Possible

As a journalist, Laura Poitras was the quiet mastermind behind the publication of Edward Snowden’s unprecedented NSA leak. As a filmmaker, her new movie Citizenfour makes clear she’s one of the most important directors working in documentary today. And when it comes to security technology, she’s a serious geek.

In the closing credits of Citizenfour, Poitras took the unusual step of adding an acknowledgment of the free software projects that made the film possible: The roll call includes the anonymity software Tor, the Tor-based operating system Tails, the anonymous upload system SecureDrop, GPG encryption, Off-The-Record (OTR) encrypted instant messaging, hard disk encryption software Truecrypt, and GNU Linux. All of that describes a technical setup that goes well beyond the precautions taken by most national security reporters, not to mention documentary filmmakers. […]

http://www.wired.com/2014/10/laura-poitras-crypto-tools-made-snowden-fil...

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