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The press review catalogues press articles related to la Quadrature's issues, compiled by its volunteers.
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[KRUHM] Does Sarkozy want to turn the french internet into a fancy minitel ?

More and more french people are concerned that the HADOPI law (3-strikes law for UK and US readers) will turn the french part of the internet into nothing more than a fancy minitel.

The upcoming taxes on websites, plus massive filtering initiatives (via spyware, no less!) will effectively turn the french internet (in all it’s fiber optic glory, at least in big cities) into a commercial network where subscribers will pay (!!!) their access only to be redirected to commercial, government approved sites.

This doesn’t fit well with Sarkozy’s promises to make France a leader in networking and more generally to make France prosper…

[...]

http://kruhm.org/2008/11/does-sarkozy-want-to-turn-the-french-internet-i...

[Newropeans Magazine] European citizens: mobilize to block Sarkozy's "graduated response" at the Council!

... Should amendment 138 be removed from the Telecoms Package by the Council, it would show to the whole of Europe that the technocratic structure can be used by the executive branch to bypass the democratic expression of the Parliament...

A few weeks ago, the French law installing “graduated response” against Internet users was accepted by the French Senate1. In that law, an administrative authority orders, without any trial, Internet access cut (with impossibility to subscribe to a new access) to alleged file sharers. Nicolas Sarkozy showed strong determination into imposing this scheme to the whole Europe, using the French presidency of The European Union.

http://www.newropeans-magazine.org/content/view/8695/84/

[ABC Linuxu (cz)] Francie schválila filtrování Internetu

Francouzský senát schválil v rekordně krátkém čase zákon umožňující monitorování a odpojování lidí od Internetu bez soudního procesu. Tento zákon je v přímém rozporu s dodatkem 138 (Bono/Cohn-Bendit/Roithová) k Telekomunikačnímu balíčku, který schválil Evropský parlament a i přes protesty francouzského prezidenta Sarkozyho byl podpořen Evropskou komisí. Francouzská ministrině kultury je přesvědčena, že dodatek 138 bude zrušen Evropskou radou. Více viz La Quadrature du Net (anglicky).

http://www.abclinuxu.cz/zpravicky/francie-schvalila-filtrovani-internetu

[Heute (de)] Paris: Internetsperren für Musikpiraten

Französischer Senat beschließt umstrittenes Antipiraterie-Gesetz

"Internet ist keine rechtsfreie Zone"

Das Gesetz sieht ein abgestuftes Sanktionssystem gegen die Nutzer von Tauschbörsen vor. Wer beim Herunterladen urheberrechtlich geschützter Werke erwischt wird, wird zunächst per E-Mail verwarnt. Wird er innerhalb von sechs Monaten ein zweites Mal ertappt, kommt die nächste Verwarnung als Einschreiben per Post. Tauschbörsennutzern, die sich Musik und Filme trotz der beiden Verwarnungen weiterhin illegal aus dem Netz besorgen, soll schließlich der Internetzugang gekappt werden. Dauer der Netzsperre: von einem Monat bis zu einem ganzen Jahr.

10.000 Warn-E-Mails pro Monat

Zuständig für die Umsetzung der gesetzlichen Regelungen ist die neu geschaffene Regierungsbehörde HADOPI ("La Haute Autorité pour la diffusion des oeuvres et la protection des droits sur Internet"). Sie verschickt die Warnungen und weist die Internetprovider im Fall der Fälle an, die Netzzugänge von ertappten Tauschbörsennutzern zu sperren. Christine Albanel, französische Kultusministerin, schätzt, dass die Behörde pro Monat rund 10.000 Warn-E-Mails verschicken wird.

Während die französische Unterhaltungsindustrie den neuen Gesetzentwurf feiert, kommt von Bürgerrechtlern und Verbraucherschützern heftige Kritik. Das Gesetz sei ein Skandal und diene einzig den Interessen der Unterhaltungsindustrie, erklärte die französische Bürgerrechtsorganisation "La Quadrature du Net" ("Die Quadratur des Netzes"). Es führe zu mehr Überwachung, beschneide wichtige Grundrechte und missachte zudem eindeutige Entscheidungen des Europäischen Parlaments. Tatsächlich hatte sich das Europäische Parlament noch Mitte September deutlich gegen das französische Drei-Stufen-Modell zur Bekämpfung der Internetpiraterie ausgesprochen.

[...]

http://www.heute.de/ZDFheute/inhalt/30/0,3672,7399838,00.html

[heise.de] Bürgerrechtler kritisieren "freiwillige Vorratsdatenspeicherung"

Gegen die freiwillige Speicherung und Auswertung von Verbindungsdaten durch Unternehmen haben sich die Bürgerrechtsorganisationen La Quadrature du Net, European Digital Rights (EDRi) und Arbeitskreis Vorratsdatenspeicherung in einer gemeinsamen Mitteilung (PDF-Datei) ausgesprochen. Sie fordern das Europäische Parlament auf, den Ende November vom Europäischen Rat verabschiedeten Plänen nicht zuzustimmen. Der Rat verlangt in seinem Änderungsvorschlag zur Richtlinie zum Datenschutz in der elektronischen Kommunikation (2002/58/EG), dass Unternehmen einzelfallunabhängig Verkehrsdaten zur Gewährleistung der Netz- und Informationssicherheit verarbeiten dürfen.

Die Verabschiedung der Richtlinie ist im Rahmen des Telecom-Pakets für April vorgesehen. Die Verhandlungen dazu erfolgen zurzeit zwischen dem Europäischen Parlament und der Kommission.

http://www.heise.de/newsticker/Buergerrechtler-kritisieren-freiwillige-V...

[The Guardian]

Consumers have been warned that their broadband bills could soar after the EU opened the door to "net neutrality" -- unrestricted, first-come-first-served access to the internet.

(...)

A new Centre for European Policy Studies paper due to be published this week says the US model would oblige normal users to subsidise heavy users, would give no incentive to service providers to invest in new-generation networks and encourage "free-riding" by applications and content providers.

The warnings come before high-level talks in Venice later this week between Viviane Reding, EU media commissioner, and the heads of global telecommunications and cable operators.

Net neutrality is due to be discussed by the EU's 27 telecoms ministers next month when they put the finishing touches to legislation designed to improve regulation, encourage investment and offer broadband coverage to all of Europe's 500 million citizens.

Industry sources said Reding, MEPs and the current French presidency of the EU had opened the back door to net neutrality by tabling amendments to the universal service directive, part of the telecoms package. This would enable national regulators to set minimum quality of service requirements to prevent "degradation" of service or slowing of traffic over networks.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2008/oct/20/internet-europe

[Ars Technica] 'Net filters "required" for all Australians, no opt-out

Australians may not be able to opt out of the government's Internet filtering initiative like they were originally led to believe. Details have begun to come out about Australia's Cyber-Safety Plan, which aims to block "illegal" content from being accessed within the country, as well as pornographic material inappropriate for children. Right now, the system is in the testing stages, but network engineers are now saying that there's no way to opt out entirely from content filtering.

(...)

Australia moved forward with its plans despite widespread public outcry and began testing the system in Tasmania in February of this year. At the time, the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) said that the filters would be enabled by default and that consumers would have to request unfiltered connectivity if they wished to opt-out of the program.

Well, it turns out now that those promises were only partially true. Internode network engineer Mark Newton told Computerworld that users are able to opt out of the "additional material" blacklist—which targets content inappropriate for children—but not the main blacklist that filters what the Australian government determines is illegal content.

(...)

Assuming this is in fact the way the scheme is implemented in practice, it raises plenty of troubling questions. "Illegal" is a broad definition, leaving users wondering exactly what kinds of content will end up falling prey to the government's apparently mandatory filtering restrictions. Will Big Content be ringing up the Aussie government soon to have tracker sites added to the blacklist? What about sites that discuss topics like at-home bomb making, or something a little less explosive, like DVD decryption tools? And how about those sites that advise users on how to get around the filters? Will various Wikipedia pages be blocked?

Australia continues to ignore its own government-funded studies from 2006 that show ISP-level filtering to be ineffective and costly. The Australian government's disregard for those prior studies suggests that the driving force behind the current plan is more political than technical.

http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20081016-net-filters-required-for-a...

[Wired] YouTube to McCain: You Made Your DMCA Bed, Lie in It

YouTube on Tuesday rebuffed a request from John McCain's presidential campaign to examine fair-use issues more carefully before yanking campaign videos in response to DMCA takedown notices.

(...)

The McCain campaign on Monday fired off a letter to YouTube complaining that the company had acted too quickly to take down McCain's videos in response to copyright infringement notices. McCain campaign general counsel Trevor Potter argued that several of the removed ads, which had used excerpts of television footage, fall under the four-factor doctrine of fair-use, and shouldn't have been removed.

(...)

"We look forward to working with Senator (or President) McCain on ways to combat abuse of the DMCA takedown process on YouTube, including by way of example, strengthening the fair-use doctrine, so that intermediaries like us can rely on this important doctrine with a measure of business certainty."

http://blog.wired.com/27bstroke6/2008/10/youtube-to-mcca.html

[CNET] McCain campaign protests YouTube's DMCA policy

John McCain's presidential campaign is protesting YouTube's video-removal policy, which has resulted in the deletion of some political advertisements the campaign believes are perfectly legal and protected by fair use.

In a letter (PDF) sent to YouTube CEO Chad Hurley and company attorneys on Monday, the campaign charges that "our advertisements or Web videos have been the subject of DMCA takedown notices regarding uses that are clearly privileged under the fair use doctrine." The DMCA is, of course, the 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act that allows copyright holders to submit takedown notices.

(...)

But more broadly, the campaign has a point; YouTube seems a bit too eager to remove political videos. The McCain camp's solution is to ask for a "full legal review" of videos posted by political candidates and campaigns before they're automatically removed. Another solution? If you don't like the neighborhood, move. Nobody's forcing them to stick with YouTube.

http://news.cnet.com/8301-13578_3-10066510-38.html

[Wired] Bush Signs Law Creating Copyright Czar

Oxy President Bush on Monday signed into law legislation creating a copyright czar, a cabinet-level position on par with the nation's drug czar.

Two weeks ago, the House sent the president the "Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights Act" (.pdf), a measure the Senate approved days before creating a cabinet-level copyright czar charged with implementing a nationwide plan to combat piracy and "report directly to the president and Congress regarding domestic international intellectual property enforcement programs."

The White House successfully lobbied the Senate to remove language tasking the Department of Justice with suing copyright and trademark infringers on behalf of Hollywood (.pdf), the recording industry, manufacturers and software makers. But the Bush administration also said it didn't want (.pdf) a copyright czar, a position on par with the nation's drug czar Congress created in 1982 to wage the war on drugs. Lawmakers, however, sent him the package anyway and the president signed.

The czar is not likely to be appointed until after the elections.

http://blog.wired.com/27bstroke6/2008/10/bush-signs-law.html

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