La Quadrature participe au Sommet européen sur la neutralité du Net
Aujourd'hui, Jérémie Zimmermann, porte parole de La Quadrature du Net, participe au sommet sur la neutralité du Net co-organisé par la Commission européenne et le Parlement européen, et qui se tient à Bruxelles.
Il donnera un discours sur l'importance de garantir dans la législation européenne le principe de neutralité de Net afin de protéger la démocratie et l'innovation. Ce sommet fait suite à la consultation menée par la Commission européenne l'été dernier. Notre réponse à cette consultation est disponible à l'adresse suivante.
Vous trouverez ci-dessous le texte distribué aux participants à ce sommet :
Democracy and Innovation Require Net Neutrality
Net Neutrality is the founding principle of the Internet. Neutrality is key to the growth and universality of the Internet: as long as no discrimination is applied by a private or governmental body regarding sender, recipient or type of transmitted data, every user is a peer on the network and has access to the exact same Internet as everyone else.
Net Neutrality is essential for preserving the fundamental freedoms of citizens. According to the French Constitutional Court, "given the importance of online services for democratic participation and the expression of ideas and opinions, [freedom of expression] implies freedom to access such services" (decision 2009-580 of June 10th, 2009, par.12). Unrestricted ability to access content, service and applications and the ability to send data (upload) guarantees the Internet's potential for a more inclusive democratic participation.
Net Neutrality is key for strong innovation. The innovation model that drove the growth of the Internet and its uses is based on unrestricted capacity for designing, experimenting, and deploying new services without asking permission to any gatekeeper, and without risking to be discriminated against.
Net Neutrality is not incompatible with reasonable network management practices. However, such practices should respect certain criteria: they must serve approved engineering purpose and may not be commercialized or sold, thus avoiding the creation of an artificial scarcity of bandwidth.
Net Neutrality must apply to both landline and wireless Internet networks. Previously, landline Internet was mostly neutral, and mobile Internet non-neutral but almost non-existent. Now that mobile Internet is growing and that uses are increasingly converging, it is important to ensure that wireless Internet networks will be neutral.
Net Neutrality must be made into law. Provisions aiming at competition and transparency have proven ineffective to protect Net Neutrality. This fundamental principle must by guaranteed through EU-wide regulation. Failing this, freedom of communication as well as innovation in the EU will be undermined.